Square One

27 04 2012

Decomposition (or rotting) is the process by which organic substances [are] broken down into simpler forms of matter. The process is essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space in the biome.

One can differentiate abiotic from biotic decomposition (biodegradation). The former means “degradation of a substance by chemical or physical processes (eg: hydrolysis).” The latter one means “the metabolic breakdown of materials into simpler components by living organisms,” typically by microorganisms.


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